==> Dog diseases and Body systems need to be seen together:

12 Body systems in dogs and people

Dog Body Systems and Dog Diseases

First note: Over the years this very Periodical has become so advanced that it may well "stretch" readers who haven't "grown" with the medical lingo through prior Periodicals, because I now frequently link to this Periodical even in books and articles that are rather for "beginners" at MYGERMANSHEPHERD.ORG. If you reached it this way, don't feel "stretched", just re-read this as often as you need to fully understand it. It is worth every minute you invest. It saves lives, it saves health, and it saves you tons of money too!

In the prior MYGERMANSHEPHERD PERIODICAL Stress-free vet visits we learned that stress impairs all 12 body systems:

12 body systems

...and that body systems is a topic so helpful to understand in terms of your dog's health and your own health that I was willing to work on an extra Periodical on this very topic for you.

This is it.

In fact, this Periodical makes the interdependencies between the various systems of the body so evident that by the end of this Periodical you should be wondering:

"Why do the average conventional western physicians still not understand what eastern physicians built their medical model around, over 3,000 years ago?"


Before you address some symptoms in one body system, you must understand the ramifications this will cause in all the other body systems!

Because if you don't, you may soon have to attend to ever more symptoms as you are causing a chain reaction with your intervention! :shock:

Therefore, better don't address symptoms at all, instead address the cause of the health issue.

Note that there is a HUGE difference between having read this just now, and consciously thinking about it and changing your routine as medical consumer by the time you reach the comment box at the end of this Periodical. :idea:

Once you have truly taken in the information from

you will no longer accept that your family doctor or animal doctor prescribes you steroids or antibiotics:

  • steroids shut down the immune system - how foolish is that, just to suppress some symptoms for a while!?!
  • and antibiotics cause harm to all body systems even if(!) they can suppress your symptoms for a while (anti-biotic literally means against life forms).
This is what a Top dog expert says:
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So, the next time you have an appointment with your doctor or with your dog's veterinarian, and you go away with a prescription for corticosteroids or other anti-inflammatories or for antibiotics (or the physician wants to use them right there in the office), do yourself a favor and remember this very Periodical - or simply The Author's Personal Plea for Good in any of my books, namely:

Those lab medicaments are only even meant to suppress the symptoms of your health issue! They are used and prescribed by physicians who believe that if the symptoms are gone, so is the health issue. These physicians consider you healthy if they cannot see symptoms. For them: disease = symptoms! For them: disorder = symptoms! For them: defect = symptoms! But hey! They don't even know the difference between those three.

Again: Steroids and antibiotics are not meant to cure the cause and to promote overall health. They are really just a placebo. Of course, those physicians will never admit this to you, they aren't stupid: If they admit this, you would stop paying them for such treatments. :shock:

This is what a Top dog expert says:
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Defect, Disorder, Disease - what is it really?

In order to understand your dog's health (and your own health too), and even before we can touch on the interdependencies between illness and body systems, we must first agree on the same language. This is all the more important as in common parlance not only laymen but also most physicians use certain terms interchangeably*, although it obviously is helpful to reserve each term for a particular bodily condition. Like you don't say "I'll go to work by plane" when actually you are going by car. Depending on what you have, people treat you very different. Both in terms of transport as in terms of health.

* I am to blame too: In the MYGERMANSHEPHERD Health Manual at first I too followed common parlance for ease of understanding (ie I used the terms that people are used to) and because I didn't know any better either.

Think about it: For mutual understanding, it is necessary that when I say "GreedyPup have a super bowl" you understand this super eat slow bowl not this super bowl play, and when veterinarians assure you "vaccinations cannot cause diseases" it is necessary that you understand "but vaccinations can cause tons of defects and disorders"!

Because that's the other part of the truth that those veterinarians and governments "forget" to mention (the latter for the reason of herd immunity and the former for income reasons).

Unfortunately, most people don't recognize the differences between disease, defect, and disorder, and the differences between symptom, trigger, and cause, and this is why we have so much over-vaccination and consequently so many immune system disorders like Allergies, Arthritis, Tumors, Diabetes etc - both in people and in dogs!! :shock:

Gosh, for this one advice alone every government in the world should pay millions annually to MYGERMANSHEPHERD.ORG because if only they apply this advice they save billions annually in health care cost! :roll:

If you really want to help your dog and yourself, you must understand what makes different things different:

To be able to understand and sensibly address ailments in dogs and in people alike, we cannot continue to interchangeably use the terms disease, defect, and disorder - and also confuse symptom, trigger, and cause!

So, first we need to make sure that we use the same language here, even though elsewhere people don't.

What are you really dealing with?


What is it really?

  • Symptom is a physiological, microbiological, or behavioral sign that suggests a certain defect, disorder, or disease.1
  • Trigger is what initiates or activates the defect, disorder, or disease. This may be another defect, disorder, or pathogen, or an allergen, prion, or chemical substance (in medicaments, "food", household, or environment), or a genetic abnormality, injury, radiation, or vaccination, or stress, or social influence.2
  • Cause is what originates the defect, disorder, or disease. This may be another defect, disorder, or pathogen, or a genetic abnormality, injury, radiation, vaccination, or chemical substance (in medicaments, "food", household, or environment).3
  • Defect is an inherited or acquired impairment of an organ, body structure, or body function other than a disorder.4
  • Disorder is an acquired physiological dysfunction of an organ or organ system that shows as over/under-production or over/under-utilization of a bodily substance, or an acquired psychological disturbance.5
  • Disease is an acquired pathogenic change in bodily tissue.6
  • Syndrome is a symptom or (more often) a set of symptoms that is seen to reliably identify a certain defect, disorder, or disease.7
  • Allergy is a disorder of the immune system when it confuses an allergen for a pathogen.8
  • Infection is the occupation of an organism with disease-causing bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoal, or parasitic pathogens past its defense system.9
  • Inflammation is the response of the defense system to an infection (disease) or to a physiological dysfunction (disorder) or - rarely - to some other bodily impairment (defect).10
  • Defense system is the aggregate of anatomical, mechanical, and immunological defense mechanisms of an organism to protect itself from harm.11
  • Chronic - A condition is chronic when its symptoms (including inflammation and pain) are persistent or recurring because healing is outstanding.12


Other terms like ailment, illness, health issue, and health problem can then be left to be used interchangeably for a defect, disorder, or disease.

Note that these definitions clarify that a lot of what common parlance suggests is a "disease" or "disorder" actually is something else - and thus is subject to different factors than what common parlance suggests, and therefore also is subject to different treatments than what is ordinarily prescribed!

Helpful notes:

1 Note that a symptom generally can only suggest but not identify a specific ailment, as most symptoms can be the sign of any of a large number of ailments. That's why generally a set of symptoms is needed to identify a specific ailment. The exception to both above is a syndrome.

2 Note that in most contexts, people don't differentiate trigger and cause, they only differentiate symptom and cause. However, most ailments have one or more triggers that are not the cause! The critical determinant is: Does the ailment always show with this factor in other patients as well? Then we consider this factor the cause. Or does the ailment only sometimes show with this factor in other patients? Then we consider this factor as a trigger, and to identify the cause you need to answer: What other factor is it that gives rise to the ailment in this particular patient? Is it another pathogen or a genetic abnormality, or an earlier injury, radiation or vaccination, or a chemical substance (in medicaments, "food", household, or environment)?

Note that social influence and stress should only be considered a trigger as they don't affect everybody the same way.

3 Note that a pathogen and a chemical substance can be cause or trigger, and that genetic abnormality, injury, radiation, and vaccination would be considered the cause if they have the same effect on every organism. Eg an inherited homozygous SOD1 A genetic abnormality causes Degenerative Myelopathy in every patient, an injury to the ear drum from close gun shots causes a hearing defect in every patient, and radiation, vaccination, and steroids and NSAIDs cause immune system disorders in every patient.

Be aware that most of the time the cause is most difficult to determine, often because there is a considerable time-lag between cause and symptoms (and their diagnosis), and because the medical approach of ordinary allopathic physicians is to suppress or palliate the symptoms - which can make it impossible for a more completely educated (holistic) physician to identify the cause retrospectively.

Here's an example that shows the difference between symptom, trigger, and cause where all three differ: Say, your GSD has painful Diarrhea each time you feed something with beef, but not when you feed something else. Then Diarrhea is the disorder, watery or even bloody feces and noticeable abdominal pain of the dog are two of its symptoms, a beef allergy (likely to one of its amino acids/proteins) is the trigger, and earlier over-vaccination or treatment with antibiotics or corticosteroids is the likely cause.

And here's an example that shows the difference between symptom and cause where trigger and cause arguably are the same (this is primarily with a defect): Say, your GSD bleeds incessantly after a lesion or surgery. Then von Willebrand's Disease (vWD) is the defect (a defect indeed, not a disease!), the incessant bleeding is the symptom, and a genetic abnormality is the cause.

Note that vWD actually is a defect, not a disease as common parlance suggests! Also note that some physicians argue that vWD does require a trigger that is different to the cause - most suggest the trigger is an acquired immune system disorder following vaccination: too early, or too frequent, or inadequate chemical adjuvants, or vaccine combination, or while ill! These are the five mistakes made with vaccinations.

4 A defect is caused by a genetic abnormality, injury, radiation or vaccination, or a pathogen, or caused or triggered by a pathogen, prion, chemical substance, or poor diet (nutritional deficiency or contamination).

Examples of what actually are defects: von Willebrand's Disease Blood Disorder (note this total mess in common parlance), Degenerative Myelopathy Disease, Hearing defect, Down Syndrome.

5 Note that according to this definition an inherited over/under-production or over/under-utilization of a bodily substance is a defect, disorders can only be acquired. Makes complete sense: Once acquired, they bring the body "out of order" - if the body was already "out of order" at birth, then obviously the body had a defect already at birth, it never was "in order"!

A disorder in form of a physiological dysfunction may be caused by radiation, or caused or triggered by vaccination, a pathogen, a chemical substance, or poor diet (nutritional deficiency or contamination). A disorder in form of a psychological disturbance may be triggered by social influence (example: Eating Disorder and other behavioral disorders) or caused or triggered by a pathogen, chemical substance, or poor diet.

Note that a disorder may be caused or triggered by both a disease or a defect. Likewise, both a disease and a defect may be caused or triggered by a disorder. While a disease is caused or triggered and maintained by an acquired pathogen, a disorder and a defect is not maintained by an acquired pathogen even if it was caused or triggered by such.

6 Note that according to this definition only bacterial, viral, fungal, protozoal, and other pathogenic infections can constitute a disease, and diseases can only be acquired! Also note that the cause of a disease is not necessarily the identified bacterium, virus, fungus, protozoa, or other pathogen: If it does not always affect other patients the same way, it only is a trigger, while the cause is one of the other factors, likely a weakened immune system resulting from a chemical substance in a lab medicament or in "food" or in the environment, from poor diet (nutritional deficiency or contamination), or vaccination.

7 Examples of syndromes: Cushing's Syndrome (a disorder), Down Syndrome (a defect), Horner's Syndrome (a disorder). Anecdotal evidence that it runs in families and is an inherited defect appears to be based on a frequent misinterpretation: Is the defect inherited, or rather the behavior copied that causes the disorder?

8 Note that an allergy never is a disease, it is a disorder triggered by an allergen. An allergen is a non-pathogenic substance, meaning it does not trigger an infection, only an inflammation.

Allergens are substances without nucleic acid genome (non-living substances), while pathogens do have a genetic code (they are living organisms): bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and parasites.

Keep in mind that Allergens trigger disorders, pathogens trigger diseases.

According to this clear differentiation (clear language), prions actually trigger a defect, not a disease. Prions are malformed proteins without nucleic acid genome, they are not living organisms, they are not pathogens. Also prions are not allergens either, prions trigger an acquired defect.

9 Infection: Pathogenic occupation of an organism can be either infiltration with new pathogens or subjugation by existing pathogens.

10 Note that an inflammation signals the start of healing. Where an infection (disease) results in an inflammation, the pathogen has managed to get past the body's defense system, and in such case the inflammation is a necessity for the chance of healing because it is the inflammation that informs the defense army to reassemble right there. Even where a disorder or defect results in an inflammation, the defense system considers the disorder or defect to be past the chance to self-heal, and so again the inflammation is required for a chance of healing.

When you suppress the inflammation with anti-inflammatory drugs you prevent healing, because no amount of medicaments or other treatment can replace the immune system or any other body system. All 12 body systems are essential for a fully functional healthy human or canine organism.

Note that not every inflammation results in pain, not even where the inflammation is chronic. This is because an individual's susceptibility to feel pain depends on far more factors than the presence and extent of an inflammation. Generally speaking, an inflammation causes discomfort through itching or other hypersensitivity, while an infection more often causes pain.

11 All body systems play a role in the defense system. The immune system controls the immunological defense and the other body systems help with anatomical defense and mechanical defense mechanisms, and some body systems also help with immunological defense (in particular the digestive system).

12 Note that symptoms can be chronic because symptoms may show only intermittently, subject to internal or more often external triggers, subject to how far the defense system got with the healing process, and subject to suppression or palliation with medicaments or other treatment. Conversely, it doesn't make sense to speak of a "chronic defect", "chronic disease", or "chronic disorder":

  • By definition a disease exists exactly for as long as there is a pathogenic change in bodily tissue (and thereafter it may well have caused or triggered a disorder or defect).
  • Likewise a defect exists exactly for as long as there is an impairment of an organ, body structure, or body function other than a disorder (and again, thereafter it may well have caused or triggered a disorder or disease).
  • Also a disorder exists exactly for as long as there is a physiological dysfunction ... or a psychological disturbance (and thereafter it may well have caused or triggered a defect or disease).
  • Most importantly, the disease, defect, or disorder exists until cured (where possible), while some of its symptoms may show only intermittently (for the three reasons mentioned above). When the same symptoms reappear (at the same location or somewhere else) you rightfully speak of chronic symptoms. Yet the disease, defect, or disorder was always there until cured (where possible).

Also note that chronic inflammation, chronic infection, and chronic pain is a common symptom of a progressive disorder, progressive disease, or progressive defect. And an infection as well as an inflammation can only become chronic if a bodily disorder facilitates repeated infection or inflammation. Thus disease cure requires that you cure the underlying disorder first.

Inherited or acquired?

This is another essential clarification we need to address here, because too many people, incl. some scientists (or rather journalists and bloggers who misinterprete scientific findings) argue that a certain ailment is hereditary and thus not preventable after birth. And because MDs and vets prescribe treatments that make no sense from the outset.

Let's address here the five key misconceptions whether a certain ailment is inherited or acquired:

1First of all, only a defect can be inherited. Disorders and Diseases can only be acquired. That's why all the above is fundamental, it must be understood in order to proceed with the otherwise inconceivable statement:

Only a defect can be inherited. Disorders and Diseases can only be acquired.

If unclear why, read and process again the definitions with notes above. Admittedly, nothing like this is easy the first time you learn it.

2So often misunderstood: When a newborn baby or puppy carries a defect, this by itself does not mean that the defect is inherited. Many defects are acquired prenatal in the uterus or through the umbilical cord.

To be an inherited defect, the defect has to be a mutation existing in the genetic code such that some amino acid sequences are different from the norm, with that norm being considered healthy.

3So often misunderstood: When it was found that a certain ailment "runs in families" (good examples, all relevant for both people and dogs: Arthritis, Diabetes, Cancer, Obesity), this by itself does not mean that the ailment is an inherited defect, not even that it is a defect at all. Unless the cause is a mutation existing in the genetic code (known or yet unknown), the discovery "it runs in families" means that the family's behavior is adopted, rather than a defect inherited.

Is the defect inherited, or rather the behavior that causes the disorder?

Pronounced living characteristics are sometimes (consciously or subconsciously) adopted by children, grandchildren, and so forth - and only pronounced living characteristics can lead to a disorder. Disorders cannot be inherited.

4So often misunderstood: If an ailment other than a disease shows only later in life, and outside the biological transitions, it almost certainly is not an inherited defect, but a disorder or an acquired defect (in this order). Inherited defects exist before birth, and so they either show right from birth or they start to show with biological transitions.

Biological transitions are the obvious puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, as well as less obvious transitions like teething, end of hypertrophy (increase in cell size), end of hyperplasia (increase in rate of cell division), atrophy (wasting away of an organ or other tissue structure), and others.

A truly inherited defect that doesn't show from birth needs a strong trigger in order to suddenly show later in life. The kind of trigger that can activate an inherited defect is either:

  • a biological transition
  • or an acquired progressive disorder or progressive disease.

5So often misunderstood: The increased incidence of a certain ailment in some breeds (like say the German Shepherd Dog) by itself does not suggest a genetic predisposition (which would make it an inherited defect, nothing else). A genetic predisposition requires a mutation existing in the genetic code (known or yet unknown).

The increased incidence of a certain ailment in some breeds (whether disorder, disease, or defect) suggests that:

  • either the respective dog breeds are born with an overall weaker immune system that from the outset is unable to prevent the particular ailment
  • or the immune system of the respective dog breeds is more readily and specifically harmed: first by vaccinations and cell toxins in medicaments and pet "food", then by x-rays (radiation), and finally by a pathogen or a chemical substance in the environment. This indeed is the very order puppies are brought up and subjected to in allopathic medicine!

Key causes of an overall harmed and/or specifically harmed immune system?

  • Inbreeding: Note that dog breeds with a history of heavy inbreeding naturally have an overall much weaker immune system from the outset. And, no surprise, often it is indeed the dog breeds with a history of heavy inbreeding that show a higher incidence of many different ailments!
  • "Lifestyle" of dog and/or owner (for lack of a better word): Note that certain breeds are typically held by certain dog owners. Eg owners of say a German Shepherd, a Yorkshire Terrier, a Chihuahua, a St. Bernard etc, keep and treat their dogs typically very different, and yet certain characteristics of that "lifestyle" are shared by the German Shepherd breed and the St. Bernard breed, while not shared by the Yorkshire Terrier breed and the Chihuahua breed. And so on. You get the point. The "lifestyle" characteristics may be so pronounced that they cause specific harm to the immune system.

What I mean with the word "lifestyle" (for now)? Consider for example:

  • Is the dog breed typically owned by people who are "standard allopathic customers"? You know, 6 vaccinations by age 6 weeks or so, another 6 vaccinations before age 6 months, and then the whole shebang every year again when the postcard arrives: "It's time for your dog's vaccinations". In addition, X-rays from as early as age 8 weeks or so. Routine treatments with antibiotics, and even as "prophylaxis"! Routine treatments with steroids and/or NSAIDs. And on and on. All the "goodness" of the doctrine of allopathic medicine.
  • Is the dog breed typically owned by people who are receptive to the glossy marketing of the pet "food" industry, or who believe they are "too busy at work"? You know, raising the dog on Royal Canin, Taste of the Wild, Lams or other kibble crap (thought to be food). "Treating" the dog to that "great dog treat" that was on offer at the supermarket, which got them (almost) straight from the rendering plant. And on and on. All the packaged "goodness".
  • Is the dog breed typically owned by people who live rural, or who live in cities? Who visit dog parks, or who walk past bins? Is their dog off-leash or on-leash? Factors like these have a dramatic impact for example on the chance for and extent of complete natural immunization (and thus the chance for diseases), as opposed to the very incomplete immunization that vaccinations offer (and thus the amount of disorders they cause). All wonderfully explained by our top immunologist in the Dog Expert Interview Series with Reviews.
  • There is much more to consider, but let's stop here.

No one seems to have done research in this direction but it is common sense that some dog breeds share a very similar "lifestyle", while some other dog breeds share another "lifestyle", and so on. "Lifestyle" choices and/or necessities that must significantly contribute to a higher incidence of certain ailments in certain breeds! And indeed different combinations of breeds for different ailments, because some "lifestyle" characteristics cause quite specific harm to the immune system.

Let's wait and see when an institute with the necessary funding catches up on this. Be aware that none of all the above, not even the definitions at the start, are understood and thus systematically applied in medicine yet: Diseases, Disorders, Defects, Symptoms, Triggers, Causes, Syndrome, Infection, Inflammation, Chronic, inherited Defect, autoimmune Disorder.

Conclusions to remember

At this point it is essential that you remember that the lab medicaments of allopathic medicine can only palliate or suppress symptoms - because that's what they have been developed for, what they are meant to do! - they cannot cure you or your dog (even though the palliation or suppression of the symptoms may sometimes leave the impression of cure).

This is why it is so important that you not only understand the differences between defect, disorder, and disease, but also the differences between symptom, trigger, and cause. The MD or DVM that just wrote you a prescription for lab medicaments or radiation therapy, or that just vaccinated your dog or your child, almost certainly does not understand these differences. :shock:

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Brief description of each Body system and how they interact

The prior chapter perfectly leads over to the topic of dog body systems, because it is the very lack of differentiation between the terms defined above why conventional western veterinarians (and people doctors alike) don't see the interdependencies between the various body systems as clearly as you hopefully will by the end of this Periodical.

body systems interdependencies

Be aware that (as always) some people classify the body systems slightly different, both in terms of the total number as well as in terms of what each of them comprises. In particular:

  • some people argue that the Lymphatic system and the Immune system are one and the same (this is when you hear of 11 Body systems)
  • and other people argue that the Cardiovascular system, the Lymphatic system, and the Immune system should be combined into a Circulatory system (this is when you hear of 10 Body systems)

However, the more body systems you can clearly distinguish, the preciser your understanding of defects, disorders, and diseases - and of the interdependencies between symptom, trigger, and cause - will be, hence why we will go with all 12 dog body systems.

Secondly, be aware that some people speak of organ systems rather than body systems. I find that misleading, because most people wouldn't consider some body systems as an organ or having organs, so they'll miss out on a lot of understanding if they hear "organ systems". Again, hence we will go with 12 body systems.

Integumentary system

  • Integumentary systemcomprises skin including underlying fat tissue, and hair and nails
  • primary function is biological protection: keep inside what belongs to the body, and keep outside what shouldn't reach the inside of the body
  • skin protects all body systems from environmental impact (parasites and pathogens)
  • hair serves sensory perception which impacts on the nervous system and endocrine system
  • subcutaneous fat helps insulation and shock absorption, and is reservoir for fluids, electrolytes, minerals, proteins, nutrients, and energy - all of which is essential for all body systems to function properly!
  • skin produces vitamin D which impacts on the digestive system (it regulates intestinal absorption of minerals like calcium), the skeletal system (calcium helps to build strong bones and nails), and the cardiovascular system (it helps regulate blood flow)
  • skin contains Langerhans cells which help the immune system to fight off pathogens

This was just a brief description of what may seem the simplest body system. But would you have thought that the skin has interdependencies with all the other body systems?

Now THINK: Say you or your dog has a skin condition, and you see your conventionally educated doctor or veterinarian for that, and he prescribes say an antibiotic cream (happens all the time!) that is meant to address the symptoms of that skin condition. And you pay for that cream.

Let's assume here the cream is "successful" to control the skin condition (frankly, most times it isn't). Well, you just impacted all the other body systems without even realizing it! This is why, a couple of months later, you are then typically dealing with an array of other health issues. So you are going to see that average MD or DVM again, and he gives you prescriptions for your newest health issues (and you pay again, of course). And so it goes on and on and on. :-(

You could say:

"On every dollar you spend on health care, you will have to spend five more dollars to rectify what the first dollar has done to your health because you spent it so badly."

What a senseless way to spend your money. What a senseless way to deal with your first health issue (the skin condition). What a perfect way to ruin your overall health (or your dog's health). :roll:

But this is what happens all the time, to hundreds of millions of dogs and people, all across the western world. And this is why the public health system in each of these nations is in shambles. Because people don't know and don't see the interdependencies between all 12 body systems!

Do yourself a favor (and your bank account): Next time when your dog has ANY health issue (or you have one), THINK first, before you let the veterinarian take action and open your wallet and ruin your dog's health.

Respiratory system

  • Respiratory systemcomprises nose, mouth, throat, windpipe, bronchi, lungs, diaphragm, sinuses, etc
  • primary function is to absorb oxygen into the bloodstream (inhalation) and removing carbon dioxide from the bloodstream (exhalation)
  • thus impacts all body systems via the cardiovascular system
  • all cells in the body steadily require this metabolism, thus if the respiratory system does not function well, all body systems instantly suffer as well!
  • also helps the integumentary system to regulate body temperature
  • also regulates blood pH to help the cardiovascular system

Cardiovascular system

  • Cardiovascular systemcomprises heart, blood vessels, etc
  • primary function is to ensure a steady bloodstream throughout the entire body to support all body systems
  • this ensures that all cells in the body receive oxygen from the respiratory system and nutrients from the digestive system to perform their work, and that all cells can get rid of their waste products through the urinary system
  • blood vessels are lined with immune cells that help the immune system to fight illness

Urinary system

  • Urinary systemcomprises kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, etc
  • primary function is to help the cells of all body systems to get rid of their waste products by filtering the blood and disposing of waste products through the urine
  • also regulates electrolytes, fluid and pH balance in the body, so that all body systems can function in the environment they require

Nervous system

  • Nervous systemcomprises brain, spinal cord and all the nerves that communicate between tissues and the brain and spinal cord
  • primary function is to sense and control the entire body (all body systems) via its network of nerve cells and sensory receptors
  • directly communicates with the endocrine system via the hypothalamus in the brain by producing and releasing various hormones

Endocrine system

  • Endocrine systemcomprises pituitary gland, thyroid glands, adrenal glands, and all organs and tissues that secrete hormones (pancreas, kidneys, liver, stomach, small intestine, heart, skin, thymus, fat tissue, ovaries, testes, and placenta)
  • primary function is to produce hormones and to release them into the bloodstream (cardiovascular system) to trigger specific actions when they reach cells with compatible receptors
  • For example, it controls sexual development and reproduction (reproductive system), growth, metabolism, and response to external stimuli (eg "flight-or-fight?")
  • thus it monitors and controls the entire body (all body systems) via the hormonal balance in the bloodstream
  • directly communicates with the nervous system via the hypothalamus in the brain by producing and releasing various hormones

Immune system

  • Immune systemcomprises bone marrow, thymus, tonsils and adenoids, spleen, lymph nodes, liver, antibodies and other proteins, hormones, 16 different types of white blood cells (leukocytes), and all the vital bacteria that modulate the just listed primary constituents of the immune system
  • primary function is to work together with the integumentary system, lymphatic system, cardiovascular system, and digestive system to destroy infiltrating pathogens as well as own cells that have gone awry and become a risk to the correct functioning of all the body systems
  • Note that a strong immune system doesn't come from vaccinating, but from lots of training the immune system to fight non-life-threatening diseases!

At this point it's worth to briefly discuss the common term "autoimmune" - you've heard "autoimmune disease" and "autoimmune disorder", while "autoimmune defect" is used rarely. I stopped using the term autoimmune altogether because:

Lymphatic system

Muscular system

  • Muscular systemcomprises muscles, tendons, ligaments, etc
  • primary function is movement - note that the movement of your body parts that you see or feel is insignificant compared to all the micro-movements that your muscles, tendons, and ligaments perform unnoticeable inside your body
  • without these well-coordinated micro-movements, all body systems would get misaligned (lose their ideal position) which would risk your overall existence!
  • also serves as reservoir for the hormones of the endocrine system

Skeletal system

  • Skeletal systemcomprises bones, bone marrow, joints, etc
  • primary function is physical protection and structural support for all body systems - without it the large body mass of 16 trillion cells in the dog and 37 trillion cells in the person would fall apart!
  • receives calcium from the digestive system and stores it in the bones to make them strong
  • bone marrow produces three types of blood cells: red blood cells (responsible in the cardiovascular system to carry oxygen to all cells), white blood cells (responsible in the immune system to fight infections), and platelets (responsible in the cardiovascular system for blood clotting)

Digestive system

  • Digestive systemcomprises mouth, teeth, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, intestine, pancreas, liver, gall bladder, appendix, rectum, anus, and all the vital bacteria that help the immune system by releasing their metabolites through the stomach lining and gut lining into the bloodstream
  • releases digestive enzymes to speed up food processing and to enable the metabolism in each and every cell of the body
  • primary function is to absorb nutrients from the food to fuel the functionality of all body systems and to allow the naturally occuring beneficial gut bacteria to help the immune system fight off pathogens

Reproductive system

Reproductive system

  • comprises genital organs and tissues, etc
  • primary function is to ensure an accurate reproduction of all body systems - including that cute puppy there that you are planning to buy ;-)
  • also produces hormones that work together with the nervous system and the endocrine system

Conclusion for the interaction of body systems

Note that an organ, tissue, or other body structure may be part of several body systems: "body systems" or "organ systems" is just a human concept to help understand the entire body. Each body system interacts directly with at least two further body systems, and indirectly with all body systems.

dog body cellsA medium-sized adult male German Shepherd Dog (35 kg / 77 lb) is made up of about 16 trillion cells, and all 16 trillion dog body cells are interconnected via the functions of the 12 dog body systems!

One really cannot treat the cells of one organ, one tissue structure, or one body system without affecting all other cells in the body. This is impossible! Like you cannot touch one strand of a spider web without making the entire web waver. You may not always see that it wavers, but the spider can sense it. And so does the dog's body and the human body! :shock:

Whenever the health of one organ, one tissue structure, or one body system of your dog or yourself improves (or declines!), all the cells of all the other body systems will improve (or decline!) as well:

Thus, for anyone here with a bit of common sense and education, the segmented treatment of conventional veterinarians and people doctors must appear odd, outright crazy: dentist, internist, radiologist, surgeon, oncologist, cardiologist, orthopedic, ophthalmologist, neurologist, microbiologist, behaviorist, dermatologist, endocrinologist, etc.

If one feels that specialization is necessary, then he should at least understand that the segmented treatment of the dog's body (and the human body alike) nonetheless will always affect all 16 trillion dog body cells (or all 37 trillion human body cells respectively). And if he can't foresee what impact his segmented treatment will have on the other body cells, he would better take up more education before treating dogs or people. :-?


Because, while trying to help you to address the symptoms of the diagnosed health issue, he is launching new, further health issues - which later another specialist first has to correctly identify, and if he does, he then has to treat those health issues as well.

This is what a Top dog expert says:
Find out more: Click to save vet cost, training cost, and your nerves!

... that is, if you find the right veterinarian! :-D

If you want to learn more about German Shepherd Dog anatomy and body systems: During my research for this topic I discovered a great tool, the interactive virtual app from biosphera.

canine designI also found what looks like a really interesting "mindmap"/chart of the dog body systems (not only for the kids, see left), and although the price is just $12.95 I am not willing to pay twice that price as shipping charges to Europe. They should learn to offer an electronic version of everything they sell. :-(


Defect, disorder, and disease examples, and their interactions with Body systems

... and what to do - and do right!

[wpsharely id="4431"]

Now, let's relate all of the above to your German Shepherd Dog. In future Periodicals we can then use our knowledge of dog body systems in more detail by simply referring to all the above.

oneIf your dog starts to show say Arthritis or Tumors or Diabetes at age 5 years (typical time of onset) - which at that age would clearly be outside biological transitions - the commonly adopted view "ah well, it's inherited, I can't do anything about it" is a foul and costly and fatal or painful, regrettable excuse.

Because in such case the Arthritis, cancer, or Diabetes certainly is an acquired disorder, and you would better simultaneously improve the health of all 12 body systems immediately:

  1. stop all antibiotic treatments
  2. stop all steroid treatments
  3. stop all vaccinations
  4. stop all commercial dog food (kibble, tin food, treats) - look now at Food pets die for and see if it's what you are feeding?!?
  5. replace the commercial food with fresh homemade food and the lab medicaments with natural remedies, and start to increase amount and variety of daily exercise and social interactions of your dog.

I know of enough cases where dogs and people were able to cure all types of immune system disorders including Tumors that I can confidently say: With the right lifestyle choices, you can cure all disorders and even some defects - both for your dog and for yourself - unless

  1. obviously, unless you waste time and start too late - leaving comments under our Periodicals really enables you to train yourself to take action now
  2. and - less obviously - unless you have already ruined your dog's natural health with lab medicaments and vaccinations. Have you? :shock:

That 2., not 1., is the key I only realized thanks to the last interview I reviewed for you, where the immunologist explains why 2. is key! The reason is not nutrition, yet the expert agrees with me that nutrition is the key factor to not ruin your dog's health in the first place:

This is what a Top dog expert says:
Find out more: Click to save vet cost, training cost, and your nerves!

But how do conventional veterinarians treat these disorders?

  • Arthritis: Average vets prescribe corticosteroids (steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), and both are among the most foolish things you can do. They are harming the immune system, instead of supporting it! And via the immune system they harm of course all body systems. All of course fully explained in the Dog Expert Interview Series.
  • Cancer: Average vets prescribe radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Now what's that gonna do? Well, radiation therapy is something special: It is unique in the sense that it harms instantly all body systems at the same time! There is no such thing as local radiation, that's a lie. THINK: Why would nurses leave the radiation room, why would doctors place heavy lead jackets all over your chest, and why would dentists say: "Don't worry about radiation, we take in far more than you" - if they could truly focus the radiation on the desired spot only? Man!
  • Diabetes: Average vets prescribe Novolin (biosynthetic human insulin) or Vetsulin (porcine insulin) injections for insulin-deficiency diabetes (IDD), and Metformin for insulin-resistance diabetes (IRD), and in both cases they recommend to control food intake to prevent Obesity. Now THINK: Again both drugs just treat the symptoms, but not the cause of diabetes: Almost certainly your dog's immune system has been impaired with lab medicaments and vaccinations - and so all cells in all body systems have been impaired. Therefore your prime goal must be to improve the health of all cells in the body and to restore proper functioning of the immune system. So don't focus on the amount of food your dog eats, but on the quality of the food, plus... see above under 1.


Make the right lifestyle choices for your dog and for yourself TODAY, not tomorrow, and you will avoid Arthritis, Tumors, Diabetes, and other types of immune system disorders!

In some places we can read:

"Only a disease can be cured, not a disorder. While you can minimize its symptoms, the disorder itself will always remain".

That is wrong. All three, defect, disorder, and disease can be cured (if you find a cure). Just think of say oxygen therapy, stemcell injection, organ transplantation, skin replacement etc - and you understand that even a defect (which is hardest to cure) does not need to be permanent either.

In fact, even in a healthy person or dog, body structure and body function aren't permanent either. And some modern medical discoveries and developments make it questionable whether any bodily defect has to be permanent, as they blur the boundaries between what is "normal" and what is "abnormal" (a defect). :-|

twoIf your dog starts to show a skin condition, see above. - What to do instead?

  1. THINK: It's either a skin allergy or a skin infection. What is it?
  2. Skin infections in dogs are rather rare nowadays, most times it's allergies (chronic disorders)
  3. Where not an allergy, it's rather a fungal infection than a bacterial infection (particularly in the ear)
  4. Antibiotics can ONLY help for bacterial infections, if they help at all! Veterinarians and MDs who blanket-prescribe them for just about anything are either dangerously UNeducated or trapped in routine.
  5. So, say it's an allergy. What allergy is it?
  6. Finally, treat the skin allergy, and prevent them going forward! Note that there's no antibiotics anywhere! :idea:

And if it is a bacterial infection, just IF? Well, what bacteria stem is it? Has your vet grown a culture to identify the bacterium? Certainly not. He relies on blanket antibiotics. But note that there exist no such thing as blanket antibiotics! Although a few antibiotics are still effective against certain strains of bacteria, because of the foolish blanket treatments in the past now most bacteria have become resistant against all antibiotics,* and without growing a culture from an infected tissue of your dog, your vet cannot know what bacterium is affecting your dog!

Likely no bacterium at all. :roll:

* Quote from Nature: "more than half the infections ... involve species resistant to carbapenem drugs", which are considered "the antibiotics of last resort". To make sure you understand, they are saying: Against more than half of the major group of bacterial infections NO antibiotic is effective! :shock: NONE is effective! :shock: :shock:

So why do you insist to pay for antibiotics that only ruin your dog's health??

Rather invest a tiny fraction of all that saved money here to learn how you can save even more at the vet, trainer, etc. :idea:

Note that it takes an average 12 years for a new drug to be developed, but it may take only a couple of weeks for bacteria to develop resistance against that "new" drug!

This is what a Top dog expert says:
Find out more: Click to save vet cost, training cost, and your nerves!

threeboy learnedSay, your dog is scratching one ear a lot, you notice that and look inside. You see a waxy residue and some scabbing. Assuming you have no clue what that indicates - because you haven't got the Dog Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook and not even the Ultimate Guide to Dog Health - you take your dog to the vet (hopefully), and the vet diagnoses an ear infection otitis externa.

From personal experience and from the many reports from subscribers I know that most vets will now prescribe ... have a guess ... antibiotics again, yeah! Via the cardiovascular system this affects all body systems. What to do instead? See above.



  • A medium-sized adult male German Shepherd Dog (35 kg / 77 lb) is made up of about 16 trillion cells, and all 16 trillion dog body cells are interconnected via the functions of the 12 dog body systems
  • Therefore it is impossible to treat one organ, one tissue structure, or one body system without affecting all body systems
  • This is why the Dog Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook is a great start to understand dog health, but in no way sufficient - be aware that this "dog health bible" is written by veterinarians with a conventional medical belief system!
  • Any organ, tissue, or other body structure may be part of several body systems: "body systems" or "organ systems" is just a human concept to help us understand the entire body
  • It is helpful (if not essential) that you can differentiate between defect, disorder, and disease and between symptom, trigger, and cause!
  • Then you realize that a lot of what common parlance suggests is a "disease" or "disorder" actually is something else - and thus is subject to different factors than what common parlance suggests :shock:
  • The common misunderstanding of defect, disorder, and disease - and of the factors that trigger or cause them - is one of the reasons why conventional western medicine (allopathic medicine) has been unable to find cure for the costliest health issues of our time
  • You cannot find cure when you look at symptoms
  • Symptoms typically show only in one body system, but the cause of the defect, disorder, or disease typically is in a different body system and always affects all body systems :idea:
  • Thus allopathic medicine with its belief system "symptom = disease" is missing the point entirely
  • This is why "On every dollar you spend on health care, you will have to spend five more dollars to rectify what the first dollar has done to your health because you spent it so badly"
  • Each body system interacts directly with at least two further body systems, and indirectly with all body systems
  • Thus whenever the health of one organ, one tissue structure, or one body system of your dog or yourself improves (or declines), the health of all the cells of all the other body systems will improve (or decline) as well!
  • This is because all 16 trillion dog body cells are nourished by the cardiovascular system - which is supplied with oxygen by the respiratory system and supplied with nutrients by the digestive system, and which is cleaned of waste products by the urinary system
  • Today, the most worrying and costliest health issues - both in dogs and in people - are an acquired disorder, not a disease or defect
  • For example Allergies, Arthritis, Bloat and Gastric Torsion, Cancer, Diabetes, Epilepsy, Obesity, and Hypothyroidism are all an acquired disorder, not an inherited defect, and not a disease :idea:
  • You can cure all these disorders - if only you don't wait too many years (or in case of Bloat too many minutes!), and if you haven't yet ruined your dog's health with lab medicaments and vaccinations :-?
  • The most fundamental treatment plan for simultaneous cure and prevention across all 12 body systems you saw under Example 1 above - if you don't follow this, nothing else makes sense :roll:
  • A holistic medical understanding is critical to your dog's health as well as critical to your bank account - unless you can settle vet bills per flat fee health insurance premium :?:
  • No single book has it all, but any of these four is a must-have complement to the Dog Owner's Home Veterinary Handbook:


==> In our next edition: Mosquitoes! :evil: <==

(when I have time)

Miguel at 28w Can you give back a bit today?


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    Great Info Sincerely appreciate I plan to re-read when I get some rest. Kudos and this is among the finest articles you've written! Thanks Again Ron and Maggie(Pie) Mae Jeka(s)


    Rather overwhelmed by the good info. Could you address "scaling" teeth. My vet says this is necessary because of the tartar Trane has accumulated around her molars and that this is causing some gingivitis. Trane is 9 or 10 years old and in good shape; does not have bad breath and I don't really want to put her under (have her undergo anesthia unless it is necessary). What do you adivise.


      Thanks Marjo.
      Going forward, if she accepts it, start brushing her teeth once daily. If not, go here and try the top oral care alternative. Ideally the spray if she allows it, else the gel. The first two days apply after each meal ie ideally three times daily. The next five days twice daily. The next seven days once daily. Now both problems should have resolved! Yet continue a maintenance schedule of 2 - 3 times a week.

      The vet knows this, but they can only charge you $600+ if they can convince you to do scaling under anesthesia. Hence why they recommend that.

      Trane would cope with anesthesia at age 10 years IF her dog body systems are in TOP form:
      1) Never given needless vaccination "boosters"
      2) Never fed commercial waste products like kibble and tin food
      3) Never given antibiotics or steroids

      If you can't confirm all three (hardly anyone can!) then better avoid anesthesia, I fully agree!


    Wow! Wow! Wow! What an amazing article! As veterinary technician I can say none of the three vets in our practice use these terms in any meaningful way. They mix up all of them, and so did I. Until now! Now the differences are clear to me, and I will see if I can make them clear to the vets as well? I know about copyright but I was wondering if I may print these pages to show to them? I can really see that if they get the diagnosis clearer, the prescribed treatment will better match the individual dog's needs. THX a bunch for this article, in particular!!


      No problem, print it to show it to them to start their conscious reflection on the terminology they use and the medicaments they prescribe... ;-)


    Thanks for a very interesting periodical. That's a whole lot of information, and very complete. This is a great reference periodical to go back and read if, by chance, your pet does get sick, and your vet recommends a specific treatment. I always save your periodicals and I have a whole library, but this one gets a star next to it so I can find it easily. Thanks Tim!


      Thanks Maureen, and great to see you are still there :-)
      Now will come repetitions for a thorough reader like you are. The plan is to send out additional live updates regularly, but in my current situation I can't do those. Hopefully towards the end of this year things will work out as planned.

      EDIT: No, they didn't. And now is already mid April 2017...

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