Crate Training Dogs


Crate Training Dogs is part of the much bigger subject of House Training Dogs. Accordingly Dog Crate Training is most comprehensively dealt with in House Training Dogs To Behave Well.

What is a crate, really?

Contrary to the terminology that kennel vendors use, a crate is an UNlockable space for the dog (thus a crate normally has no roof), while a kennel is a lockable space for the dog (thus a kennel normally has a roof). The reason why kennel vendors love to call their products "crate" is that they have no crate (and consumer demand for "crate" is much higher than for "kennel"). Indeed, a mere look at the biggest marketplace proves that commercial dog crates are not on offer (which is why in the MYGERMANSHEPHERD PERIODICAL we show how to build the best crate yourself).

Guess why commercial dog crates don't exist?

Obviously because kennel vendors know that dog owners cannot properly crate-train their dog, and so there is no demand for UNlockable spaces for dogs. :-(

dog crateThis photo shows you the kind of crate that I gifted My New Puppy. It's two hinged pieces of thin plywood leaned against the wall (to protect the paint), and the thick Westpaw nap mat in between, for the dog to lie on (or in this case he's searching underneath during our daily session of treasure hunt).

The dog never was confined to a kennel, and never will be. In fact we don't own one, I wouldn't waste money on a kennel! I don't lock dogs away, because I crate-train dogs. And you can (and should) do the same.

Why should you? Because, why get a dog when you then lock the dog away? Doesn't make sense, does it? Dog owners who lock their dog in a kennel do so because they missed to crate-train their dog. Hopefully now you will no longer miss out on having the joys (and safety!) of a dog with free run of the house (and property).

This perfectly leads over to...

What means crate training?

dog house training

Crate training a dog means to get the dog to use the crate voluntarily as the primary domicile, just like children normally will want to stay in their room to play (or whatever they do there), unless when they can play outdoors with friends. Indeed, except if your child is sort of geeky(?), being outdoors will typically have the highest priority. The same is true for German Shepherd dogs.

Now, while indoors, to use the crate voluntarily, we obviously won't provide a lockable crate (=kennel), then how shall the dog get inside? ;-)

And once the dog is inside, if we lock the door, how can the dog be voluntarily in the crate?

Are you wondering where the dog is when not in the crate? Well, because the dog is fully house-trained, obviously the dog is somewhere else on the property (checking for gangsters maybe). Just make sure that you close the rooms where you don't want the dog to go inside (and where you don't expect gangsters to enter the house).

Crate training a dog

How can you get your German Shepherd to use the crate voluntarily? Meaning, not all the time but when the dog wants (in order to sleep, to doze, to play, to hump the bedding, or whatever).

Crate use prerequisites

First of all, we have to make the crate sufficiently comfy - we use the Westpaw nap mat, because it is fleecy-soft and dog-robust at the same time (and it has survived about 40 laundry washes already)!

Second, we have to place the crate at a suitable place - ideal would be a sort of annex to the living room, ie where the dog can retreat when unwell or whatever, but still see and hear us and come over when the dog wants, because domesticated dogs want to be close to the family Pack.

If only you meet these two prerequisites, then voluntary crate use will already be quite frequent without any crate training whatsoever! For example the dog pictured above with arguably the most spartan "crate" ever built is - I have to be honest - the "dumbest" German Shepherd I have ever met, and yet even this dog did not need any crate training whatsoever. :idea:

Crate training steps

Now, what if we don't meet the two prerequisites above (hey, they are called prerequisites for a reason!) and/or we want the dog to go to the crate at certain times?

oneIndeed, I too sometimes want the dog to be in his crate (= on his nap mat), for example when I eat (same room, on the couch, spartan life this is!). While this dog is allowed on the couch, he is not allowed when I eat - I don't like to be watched taking food to my mouth, do you?

So, I simply point my index finger (but the middle finger will do too) on my extended arm towards his nap mat (crate), and the dog knows that I want him to get off the couch and to lie down on his own bedding. I don't say anything, I just point my finger, and he knows. - The first time I did this I obviously had to wait, but certainly less than a minute, until this "Retard" realized that I wanted him to get off the couch and to walk over to his bedding.

Is that voluntary crate use? I would argue, yes it is:

  • I don't push, pull, or lure the dog to the crate!
  • I don't command the dog to the crate!
  • I don't close or lock the crate (and I cannot, it's 180 degrees wide open!)

twoIn fact, maybe you noticed(?), what I do there is, I use Behavior Training, not Obedience Training. This is step 2 of Dog Crate Training, use Behavior Training, then there isn't much to do at all that would make you feel you had to crate-train your dog.


threeIs this an extra step? I don't think so: The dog accepts me as Pack leader (somewhat, ha!), and so he wants to please me when he knows what I want. When I point my finger, he knows what I want. So yes, it surely is voluntary crate use.


dog house training

Of course the dog is fully house-trained. So for example, when he jumps off the couch to walk to his nap mat, he does not topple over items on the couch table or wherever. He does not start chewing on the couch table leg or whatever. He does not start scratching the plywood that leans against the wall (to protect the paint, it's a rented apartment). He does not start barking - actually, he isn't allowed to bark in the house at all (and he does not), he may only bark out on the terrace (and he does).

In short, the dog behaves well in the house even while I am eating - and likewise when he's left alone at home, with free run of the house and terrace. Want proof? Watch it all live in the New Puppy Diary. The only multimedia and live chronicles of raising a puppy. All other "books" (incl. mine) are just a retrospective reflection of what the author thinks she remembers from when she had a puppy (and our memory is so very much biased).

So, I guess it all belongs together, it all leads to each other: House Training includes Housebreaking, House Training includes Crate Training, House Training is part of Behavior Training, Behavior Training requires to be accepted Pack leader, and so forth.

At the top I said: "Crate training a dog means to get the dog to use the crate voluntarily as the primary domicile." - Yeah, this dog too does use his Westpaw nap mat ("crate") voluntarily as his primary domicile, no doubt.

Try all of this, you'll love it. And certainly your dog will love you for it!




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 8 Site Comments , ZERO SPAM Add one


    good article


    Hi Tim,
    If you (personally) have raised 9 months old German Shepherd and you have to go to work every weekday for 8 hours plus 2 hours commute, would you be able to guess what would happen if you leave the dog alone with free run in the house? My bet is that you would not have the dog for long. The dogs get bored easily when they are young and like to test if the rules still apply.
    Not everybody is retired or works from home. Breeders also keep their dogs crated most of the time taking them out for exercises, playing, to have fun and training. Dogs are happy when they know their routine.
    May be 2+ years old German Shepherd can stay with free run in the house alone (depends), but younger than a year, no way.
    My 9 months old German Shepherd girl escaped a solid crate twice and developed separation anxiety in 2 days, just because she was allowed freedom and fun that she never earned. She was left alone crated for 4-5 hours and for an hour alone with free run in the house before with no problem.
    Voluntarily going to the den is one thing and spending time alone locked in the crate is another thing. Both are required to be learned and the second one is matter of safety too.



      No one said you do anything without adequate training. If your dog "escaped" you missed that training (obviously).
      For adequate training you need to be unbiased first. In fact, most dog training is people training.

      I have no more time without getting paid, sorry.


        Tim, I followed the tips from your books, which I truly believe are good and we have great achievements because of them. But the best I was able to achieve with 9 months old German Shepherd was 75 minutes with free run in the house alone with no issues after I tired her up. Next day without tiring her up, within 60 minutes she opened the baby gate to the stairs and had fun with a plastic bag and a power bar in it and she knows well that she is not allowed behind the baby gate. Free run in the house when I am asleep in the house at night is not a problem at all. What I missed is training the pup to stay alone in the house locked in the crate for hours. I do believe in miracles, but we need to be fair and typically I do not invest in miracles. Teenagers like to challenge the rules and that is the time to confirm that the rules till apply.


        Mitko, in the time of the biggest personal distress you or I can possibly have, you insist on taking up my time and nerves that I don't have now. Please show some empathy and solve your problem with the clear guidance in the books and on the site.

        Please accept that if you need "miracles" because you missed on essential training bits, I can't help with the "miracles". Yet I said you don't need any magic at all, but you need the WILL to compensate for what was missed.

        We've had countless "teenagers" and every single one knew and knows exactly how to behave well in the house. No incidents at all, no! Yet I don't leave a GSD(!!) alone all day long, no. Then you have the wrong dog. House-training too is a process. Re-start all from the beginning - if you have the WILL - because bias won't help, you know that. Now please grant me the rest I need. Thanks.


    I am sorry Tim, I will not take your time anymore. I was not looking for a solution of a problem.


    I got my German Shepherd at 4 months old. Within a week, she was housebroken and within a month she was housetrained. She was never crated, she never chewed up anything except her own toys. I was able to leave her in the house alone for long stretches of time and never, ever, came home to a single ruined thing. As for Mitko, if she cannot leave a dog who is under one year old alone for any stretch of time, then she is obviously not following the tips! My dog has never been crated! Actually, I think that was a mistake in a way because she will not go into a crate now unless forced to and she is a really obedient dog. She will fight and bite the crate (or cage actually) until she is let out or escapes. But, yes, you absolutely can have a nine month old, even a six month old who respects your things and will not destroy the house if left alone.
    Thanks to your housetraining books, I have been able to accomplish that much sooner than I have previously.
    I have had one problem, and that is that when I come home, and it doesn't matter how long I was away, (a few minutes or a few hours) she will grab one of my slippers and greet me with it. Her toys can be all around the slipper and she will still grab the slipper! I have not been able to break that habit! I have stopped trying, since she brings it to me and never chews it, she is so cute, and she is so good in every other way.


      Indeed Maureen. I can't remember precisely now, hence why I documented for everyone how to raise a puppy successfully, I think at least one video shows my Miguel WHILE I am away (dogs don't mind being recorded, they don't notice it anyway).
      And the video shows how Miguel behaves while alone at home, what he is doing. And yes, I never came back to a destroyed household item. He too learned from the start how to behave well in a high value home (which to me it was at the time, how I live now you know).

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